Catahoula – Characteristics, Temperament, Health & Training

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Keywords: Catahoula

Catahoula dogs are a breed of Catahoula Leopard Dog. The Catahoulas originate from Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, and were originally used as hunting dogs by the Choctaw Indians who settled there. Catahoulas have been reported to be able to hunt deer, coyotes, bears, and wild boars. Catahoulas also have a reputation as being excellent working dog that is devoted to their owner and family. In this article, we will discuss the Catahoula breed of dog including their history, characteristics, temperament, health concerns, and care requirements for raising these breeds in your home today.

Catahoulas History

A dog sitting on top of a wooden table

The Catahoula originated from Catahoula Parish, Louisiana. Catahoulas originate from the tribal people of the Choctaw Indians. Catahoulas are thought to have originated during the time period of 1730-1830, but there is no exact evidence as to this date. Catahoulas were originally bred by Catahoula Indians for their hunting capabilities and work skills. Despite the Catahoula’s reputation as a wonderful house pet and loving family member, they are known to be working dogs with several talents that contribute to their success in different tasks including herding cattle, catching wild hogs, retrieving game birds, guarding property boundaries, protecting livestock and family members against predators or thieves, and also being used as police dogs for search and rescue. Catahoulas also have a reputation as being excellent working dogs that are devoted to their owner and family. Catahoula Leopard Dogs were registered by the United Kennel Club (UKC) as Catahoula Leopard Dog on July 1, 1998. The Catahoula was recognized by the American Rare Breed Association (ARBA) in 1994. Catahoula Leopard Dogs are currently registered by the American Kennel Club (AKC) as Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog.

Catahoulas Characteristics and Health

A dog walking on a beach

Catahoulas are a breed of Catahoula Leopard Dog that is medium in size and has a muscular and athletic build that is solid. Catahoulas range in height from 21-27 inches and weight between 50-88 pounds. Catahoulas are known for being excellent house pets that are very loyal, loving, and protective of their family.

Catahoulas are bred for working cattle and are known for their intelligence, strength, and agility. They are also considered to be very versatile dogs, excelling at tasks such as hunting, tracking, and guarding.

Catahoulas have a short, flat coat that does not require much grooming – other than the occasional bath during shedding season. Catahoulas shed moderately all year round. Catahoulas should also be given monthly heartworm preventions, as they reside in mosquito-rich regions around the world. Catahoulas can live from ten to fourteen years if properly cared for and well taken care of through proper nourishment and exercise.

Catahoulas Temperament

Catahoulas have a reputation for being an extremely active breed, and Catahoula puppies will typically chew on furniture – a habit that Catahoula adults never seem to lose. Catahoulas are extremely loyal and protective of their families but tend to be aloof with strangers.

Catahoulas Training

Training Catahoulas can be a little more difficult than other breeds, as they are independent thinkers. However, Catahoulas respond very well to positive reinforcement training and will typically be quite obedient when given clear commands. Catahoula owners must be firm but gentle with their dogs and provide plenty of exercise and variety in their daily routine to keep them from becoming bored or restless. Catahoulas make excellent family pets and are known for being especially good with children. They are also generally good with other animals, although caution should always be exercised when introducing a Catahoula to a new pet.


Overall, the Catahoula breed is an excellent choice for anyone looking for an active, intelligent, and versatile pet that is devoted to its family. Catahoulas are typically quite easy to care for and only require a moderate amount of grooming, exercise, and training. They are sure to provide their owners with years of companionship and love.

Thank you for reading! We hope this article provides you with some valuable information on the Catahoula breed of dog.

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